Photo from ICEVI-Europe event

Please select country

National Page of France

National representatives

Mr. Francis Boe

Name: Mr. Francis Boe

Mrs. Marie Renée Hector

Name: Mrs. Marie Renée Hector
Position: President of the GIAA
Organization: Groupement des Intellectuels aveugles ou amblyopes
Address: 5, avenue Daniel Lesueur, 75007 Paris
Personnal e-mail:
Phone: +33 1 47 34 95 42
Personnal mobile nr.: +33 6 87 31 97 76
Website: GIAA website

Name: Mrs. Michelle Collat (French speaking)

Organisation of schooling, education and rehabilitation for visually impaired children in France

The organisation of support for visually impaired children in France has been undertaken for a long time by specialised institutions which accommodated the children, often in boarding schools which took care of their schooling, education and rehabilitation. In the last few decades, this situation has changed and there has been a move towards the opening up of these establishments to the ordinary system of schooling and the creation of services which support children in mainstream schools.

The law of February 11, 2005, "for equal rights and opportunities, for the participation and the citizenship of people with disabilities" accentuated this movement by giving responsibility for the schooling of all disabled children to the services of the Ministry of National Education.

The law works on the principle that any child or adolescent affected by a disability must be able to be provided with schooling in the school nearest to his/her place of residence. If a specialist organisation is needed, which does not exist in the local school, the pupil can be registered in another school, in the ordinary or special sector. The institutions and services of the Ministry of Health and Solidarity supplement the ordinary school system, when this system cannot meet the specific needs of the child or teenager.

General organisation of support for disabled people

The law of February 11, 2005 creates a single centre intended to make the steps easier for disabled people: the departmental house for disabled people (in French: MDPH, Maison Départementale des Personnes Handicapées). This offers, in each department, centralised access to the rights and services planned for disabled people. The MDPH "fulfils a mission of reception and information, gives support and advice to disabled people and their family, and makes all citizens aware of disability". Its missions are as follows:

For visually impaired children

Within the general framework defined above, the law works on the principle of a personal plan of compensation which provides different aids to the person to live in the ordinary and the adapted system. For visually impaired children, the plan of compensation is discussed within the MDPH, with the family of the child, who contribute to the assessment of needs for their child. From this appreciation of the specific needs, the CDA must propose to the child, to his parents or to his legal representative a choice between several adapted solutions. The parents play an important part in the development of the personal plan of compensation, in the choice of the institution or service which will help them. The admission to an institution or a service constitutes a measure of compensation, registered in the personal plan of compensation.

The schooling of visually impaired children

When children are 3 years old, if their family request it, they can go to the nursery school. Each school has to accommodate the children in its sector of recruitment. To meet the particular needs of disabled pupils, a personal project of schooling organizes the schooling of the pupil, with measures of support decided by the Commission for Rights and Autonomy (C.D.A.), such as, for example, support from a specialist service, assistance from a school auxiliary...

From the elementary school (at 6 years of age), school integration can be individual or collective: